Nevada Eye Care East / Southeast 2090 East Flamingo Rd. Suite # 100 Las Vegas, Nevada 89119

Nevada Eye Care West / Northwest 7730 West Cheyenne Ave. Suite # 103 Las Vegas, Nevada 89129

(702) 633-2020

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve that is referred to as the “silent thief of sight”, and is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States. The optic nerve carries the images we see to the brain. Glaucoma can damage nerve fibers, causing blind spots to develop. Often, people don't notice these blind areas until much optic nerve damage has already occurred. If the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness results.

Glaucoma Las Vegas

Early detection and treatment by your ophthalmologist are the keys to preventing optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma. Glaucoma damages the optic nerve, causing your vision to gradually decrease until vision loss has occurred. The disease is painless and vision loss does not occur until an advanced stage and so you will not notice any symptoms. A comprehensive eye exam with Nevada Eye Care can help protect your vision so that any eye disease can be caught at an early stage for treatment.

The two main types of glaucoma are open angle glaucoma, the most common form of glaucoma, and closed angle glaucoma. In both forms of glaucoma, the peripheral vision is usually affected first.

Other types of glaucoma include:

  • pseudoexfoliation glaucoma
  • pigmentary glaucoma
  • neovascular glaucoma
  • angle recession glaucoma

Although it hasn’t been determined why glaucoma forms in some eyes rather than others, doctors believe that the disease is caused by an abnormality of the drainage system of the eye, also referred to as the trabecular meshwork. The trabecular meshwork is located in the front of the eye and it acts like a cleansing system for the eye, circulating eye fluid in and out of the eye. The circulation of fluid causes a fluid pressure, which can affect the health of the optic nerve.

Some of the risk factors that can also cause the development of glaucoma include:

  • High eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
  • Family genetics
  • Older age
  • More common in African-Americans and Hispanics

Treatments for glaucoma include eye drops that can lower the intraocular pressure of the eye. Other patients may require surgery that will allow for a new opening for an outflow channel of the intraocular eye pressure. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, your doctor will prescribe the right treatment for you based on your individual needs.

Once vision loss has occurred due to glaucoma, it cannot be restored. That is why it is extremely important to have regular eye exams to determine whether or not glaucoma is present, before the disease progresses. If it has been a while since you last eye exam, make an appointment with Nevada Eye Care at (702) 633-2020 today.

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